References

The Acute COPD Exacerbation Prediction Tool (ACCEPT): a modelling study. 2020. http://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30397-2

BMJ. Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2022. https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/3000086 (accessed 20 July 2022)

British Lung Foundation. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) statistics. https://statistics.blf.org.uk/copd (accessed 20 July 2022)

Department of Health. An outcomes strategy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in England. 2011. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/216139/dh_128428.pdf (accessed 20 July 2022)

Oxygen therapy and inpatient mortality in COPD exacerbation. 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2019-209257

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Quality standard chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults. 2016. https://tinyurl.com/yckuwbxf (accessed 20 July 2022)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Scenario: acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2021. https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease/management/acute-exacerbation/ (accessed 20 July 2022)

Management of COPD exacerbations in the community

02 August 2022
6 min read
Volume 27 · Issue 8

Approximately 1.2 million people are living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is over 30% more than the previous estimations made by the Department of Health in 2011 (Department of Health, 2011; British Lung Foundation, 2022). COPD is the second most common lung disease in the UK, with asthma being the most prevalent. About 2% of the entire population, along with 4.5% of all people over the age of 40, are living with diagnosed COPD (British Lung Foundation 2022). The number of people diagnosed has increased sharply by 27% over the last decade from 1600, to almost 2000 per 100 000 people in the UK, and many cases may remain undiagnosed (British Lung Foundation, 2022). Currently, the UK is one of the 20 countries with the highest mortality rates for COPD globally, with only Denmark and Hungary having higher mortality rates than the UK in the entirety of Europe.

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