Altomari N, Bruno F, Laganà V A comparison of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and BPSD sub-syndromes in early-onset and late-onset Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis. 2022; 85:(2)691-699

Alzheimer's Research UK. Deaths due to dementia – dementia statistics hub. 2021. https// (accessed 15 May 2022)

Atefi GL, de Vugt ME, van Knippenberg RJM The use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in informal caregivers of people with dementia and other long-term or chronic conditions: A systematic review and conceptual integration. Clin Psychol Rev. 2023; 105

Berk L, Warmenhoven F, van Os J, van Boxtel M. Mindfulness training for people with dementia and their caregivers: rationale, current research, and future directions. Front Psychol. 2018; 9

Chacko E, Ling B, Avny N, Barak Y, Cullum S, Sundram F, Cheung G. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for stress reduction in family carers of people living with dementia: a systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022; 19:(1)

Chochinov HM, McClement SE, Hack TF Health care provider communication: an empirical model of therapeutic effectiveness. Cancer. 2013; 119:(9)1706-1713

Creswell JD. Mindfulness Interventions. Annu Rev Psychol. 2017; 68:491-516

What is an admiral nurse?. 2022. https// (accessed 28 October 2023)

The experiences, needs and outcomes for carers of people with dementia. Literature review. 2016. https// (accessed 5 December 2023)

Harris R. ACT Made Simple: an easy-to-read primer on acceptance and commitment therapy, 2nd edn. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger; 2019

Harris R. The confidence gap: from fear to freedom.London: Robinson; 2022

Kitwood T. Dementia reconsidered.Maidenhead: Open University Press; 1997

Lacey RE, Xue B, Di Gessa G, Lu W, McMunn A. Mental and physical health changes around transitions into unpaid caregiving in the UK: a longitudinal, propensity score analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2023;

Lindeza P, Rodrigues M, Costa J Impact of dementia on informal care: a systematic review of family caregivers' perceptions. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. 2020;

Liu Z, Sun YY, Zhong BL. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018; 8:(8)

van Manen AS, Aarts S, Metzelthin SF, Verbeek H, Hamers JPH, Zwakhalen SMG. A communication model for nursing staff working in dementia care: Results of a scoping review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2021; 113

Mannix K. Listen. How to find the words for tender conversations.London: William Collins; 2021

McDermott O, Charlesworth G, Hogervorst E Psychosocial interventions for people with dementia: a synthesis of systematic reviews. Aging Ment Health. 2019; 23:(4)393-403

Mitchell W. What I wish people knew about dementia.London: Bloomsbury; 2022

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Supporting adult carers NICE guideline. 2020. http// (accessed 2 January 2024)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Dementia. 2022. https// (accessed 2 January 2024)

Patel B, Perera M, Pendleton J, Richman A, Majumdar B. Psychosocial interventions for dementia: from evidence to practice. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment. 2014; 20:(5)340-349

Price B. Developing patient rapport, trust and therapeutic relationships. Nurs Stand. 2017; 31:(50)52-63

Public Health England. Dementia: comorbidities in patients - data briefing. 2019. https// (accessed 2 January 2024)

Schulz R, Beach SR, Czaja SJ, Martire LM, Monin JK. Family caregiving for older adults. Annu Rev Psychol. 2020; 71:635-659

Sharma NP, Gupta V. Therapeutic communication.Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023

Siegel RD, Germer CK, Olendzki A. Mindfulness: what is it? where did it come from?. In: Didonna F. (eds). New York: Springer; 2009

Teahan Á, Lafferty A, McAuliffe E Psychosocial interventions for family carers of people with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Aging Health. 2020; 32:(9)1198-1213

A guide to psychosocial interventions in early stages of dementia. 2022;

Treadway MT, Lazar SW. The neurobiology of mindfulness. In: Didonna F. (ed.). NY: Springer; 2009

Turton W. An introduction to psychosocial interventions, 1st edn. In: Walker S (ed.). London: Learning Matter; 2014

Underman Boggs K. Interpersonal relationships: professional communication skills for nurses, 9th edn. Missouri: Elsevier; 2023

Vernooij-Dassen M, Moniz-Cook E, Verhey F Bridging the divide between biomedical and psychosocial approaches in dementia research: the 2019 INTERDEM manifesto. Aging Ment Health. 2021; 25:(2)206-212

World Health Organization. Dementia. 2023. https// (accessed 2 January 2024)

The power of a cup of tea: psychosocial interventions in dementia

02 February 2024
Volume 29 · Issue 2


Dementia is a condition that affects the psychological and emotional wellbeing of not only the person with the diagnosis but also those around them. Therefore, providing holistic support and care to the entire family is essential. Psychosocial interventions have a significant impact on families living with dementia. They are a broad category of strategies and approaches that support the whole person by recognising their inherent strengths, and acknowledging and addressing the challenges they face. These interventions can range from a simple conversation over a cup of tea to more structured forms of psychotherapy.

Dementia is a complex condition characterised by a loss of cognitive and social functioning caused by progressive neurological disorders (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), 2022). The causes of dementia are multifactorial, as are the needs of those affected by the condition (Vernooij-Dassen et al, 2021). People living with dementia and their carers are more likely to have additional comorbidities than their age-related peers (Public Health England, 2019; NICE, 2020). Behavioural and psychological changes such as agitation, anxiety and depression can occur in up to 90% of those living with dementia, causing distress for the person and their family (Altomari et al, 2022). Dementia is the leading cause of death in the UK (Alzheimer's Research UK, 2021) and disproportionately affects women due to mortality and carer roles (World Health Organization, 2023).

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Community Nursing and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for district and community nurses. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month